WHAT IS ADAPTIVE FUNCTIONING?
According to Mental Health Net adaptive functioning is affected by three basic skill sets:
This includes reading, numbers, money, time, and communication skills.
These skills help us to get along well with others. These skills include understanding and following social rules and customs; obeying laws, and detecting the motivations of others in order to avoid victimization and deception.
Practical Life Skills
These are the skills needed to perform the activities of daily living. This includes feeding, bathing, dressing, occupational skills, and navigational skills.
HOW DOES FASD AFFECT ADAPTIVE FUNCTIONING?
According to a website run by University of Alberta (Canada) called Know FASD common adaptive functioning difficulties include:
• Poor self-care/hygiene
• Difficulty considering consequences
• Lack of ability to make decisions and take initiative
• Unresponsiveness to subtle social cues
• Lack of healthy friendships
• Poor concentration/attention
• Social withdrawal
• Crying/laughing too easily
• High Anxiety
• Lying, cheating, stealing, lack of consideration
• Exhibiting excessive happiness
WHAT MIGHT HAPPEN WITHOUT THE RIGHT INTERVENTION?
As the individual ages, expectations in these areas are increased, which might lead to increased problems in adolescence and adulthood.
Adolescents and adults with FASD have been found to have the average adaptive functioning of a seven-year old. They will be expected to function as a typically developing adult, which is often not possible for these adults.
When these individuals do not meet expectations, there is increased dissatisfaction towards them. This can have a negative effect on social functioning and mental health.
Come back tomorrow for more FASD specific information on characteristics, behaviours and challenges.