Day 44 of 99 Days to FASDay: FASD Cost in Child Welfare

Day 44 of 99 days to FASDay

Day 43 was about the cost of FASD in the general population. Today – Day 44 is about the cost of FASD in the child welfare system in Canada. The information below is from:

Canadian Children and Youth in Care: The Cost of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

Svetlana Popova, Shannon Lange, Larry Burd, Jürgen Rehm

Citation: Popova, S., Lange, S., Burd, L. et al. Child Youth Care Forum (2014) 43: 83. doi:10.1007/s10566-013-9226-x

The study was designed to: (1) estimate the number of children in care with FASD by age group, gender, and province/territory and (2) estimate the associated cost of children in care with FASD in Canada in 2011.

An estimation of the cost of FASD for the Canadian child welfare system is central to describing the extent of its impact on this population, the cost to society, and for evaluating the potential benefits of FASD prevention programs.

Furthermore, the current economic estimate has the potential to provide additional policy insights in order to better address the needs of this unique population and to increase awareness of this problem not only in Canada, but also internationally.

The estimated number of children in care with FASD ranged from 2,225 to 7,620, with an annual cost of care ranging from $57.9 to $198.3 million Canadian dollars (CND). The highest overall cost ($29.5 to $101.1 million CND) was for 11–15 year-olds.

The three provinces with the highest number of children in care with FASD:

  1. Ontario [612 (lower estimate) to 2,096 (upper estimate)]
  2. Quebec (418–1,432)
  3. Alberta (309–1,060).

A complete copy of the Study, which is available for download, can be found here.


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